
Awardee: Prof. Paul Linford Richards
Department of Physics
University of California  BERKELEY  USA
Motivation:
For his fundamental contributions to the measurements of the Cosmic Microwave
Background (CMB), and in particular:
 the continuous development cryogenic bolometers, a contribution span over
several decades, providing the cosmology community with large arrays of ultrasensitive
detectors for the CMB;
 the development of cryogenic Fourier Transform Spectrometers
for the CMB, flown on stratospheric balloons and rockets in the 80s90s, providing
evidence of the thermal nature of the CMB;
 the measurement of the anisotropy
of the CMB with the MAXIMA experiment that, along with the BOOMERanG experiment,
first established that the geometry of the universe is flat (Euclidean). These
experiments provided the first high fidelity images of the last scattering surface
in the early universe, and demonstrated the existence of oscillations in the
primeval baryonphotons plasma. 

Awardee: Prof. Herbert Spohn
Zentrum Mathematik  TU MÜNCHEN Deutschland
Motivation:
For realizing the applicability of widely different methods of Mathematical Physics
and Analysis to the solutions of open problems establishing an unprecedented
standard of mathematical precision in applications of Mathematics to Physics,
with particular mention of his exact solutions on :
 the theory of roughening of surfaces,
 growth models and
 nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics. 
