
Awardee: Prof. Massimo
Inguscio
University of Florence
Head of the "Materials and Devices" Dept. (CNR)
LENS (European Laboratory for NonLinear Spectroscopy)
Motivation:
For the results he has obtained in the last decade in the field of BoseEinstein
condensates. Particularly remarkable are:
i) the production of condensates with mixtures of Fermions and Bosons ^{40}K
 ^{41}K and ^{40}K – ^{87}Rb;
ii) the creation of a Josephson junction array with a ^{87}Rb BoseEinstein
condensate;
iii) the first experimental realization of an atom interferometer
with fermions, “Bloch oscillator” with a trapped degenerate gas which combined
high sensitivity with high spatial resolution, a device that promises new breakthroughs
in the study of Casimir forces or exotic gravitational physics; and,
iv) the study of Anderson localization for non interacting particles in a random potential in the case of the BoseEinstein condensate of ^{39}K. 

Awardee: Dr. Alex Zunger
National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Boulder (Colorado), USA
Motivation:
For his fundamental contributions to the development of the Quantum Theory of
Real Solids by developing: in 1977 the first.principles atomic
pseudopotentials for the DensityFunctional Theory introduced by Walter
Kohn, in 1978 the TotalEnergy method, in 1981, with John Perdew, the
LocalDensityApproximation exchangecorrelation functional, and in 1983,
the method of simultaneous relaxation of atomic positions and charge
densities in self.consistent LDA calculations. These foundational methods
have enabled the transformation of the quantum equation describing the
electronic structure of solids into a tractable form and offered a
quantitative understanding of real solids. In the last decade, Alex Zunger
has introduced the “Inverse Band Structure” concept, an innovative and
revolutionary approach to materials research combining the
FirstPrinciples Quantum Theory of Real Solids with biologically inspired
phasespace search methods. This approach allows to search for atomic
configurations that have a desired target property and thus ushers in a
new era of material science.
For all these contributions Alex Zunger is one of the reference figures in
theoretical physics of the last decades. 
