
Awardee: Prof. Gabriele
Veneziano
Senior Staff Member at the CERN (Geneva) and Professor of Elementary Particles,
Gravitation and Cosmology at the Collège de France (Paris)
Motivation:
For his fundamental contributions to the development of the most successful ideas
of theoretical physics and to the understanding of modern particle physics and
field theory. In 1968 he formulated a model of hadrons, the so called “Veneziano
model”, which already contains many features of string theory, one of the
most active fields in theoretical physics and mathematics today. In perturbative
QCD, in collaboration with Daniele Amati and Roberto Petronzio, he demonstrated
the factorization of collinear divergencies, which is the basis of the parton
model in hard processes, and formulated the theoretical basis of jet calculus.
In nonperturbative QCD, his main contribution is the solution of the U(1) problem
with the explanation of the η’ mass, the so called VenezianoWitten
formula. From 1980, Veneziano focused his main interests in nonperturbative
phenomena and effective theories, producing seminal results in supersymmetry,
from the structure of the vacuum to the mechanism of symmetry breaking, in string
theory for processes occurring at Planckian energies, in the physics of black
holes and, more recently, in preBig Bang cosmology. In all these subjects, the
role of Gabriele Veneziano was extraordinary important and make him one of the
reference figures in theoretical physics of the last decades. 

Awardee: Prof. Thomas
W. Ebbesen
University of Strasbourg – Nanostructures
Laboratoire, ISIS
Motivation:
For his pioneering work on nanostructured materials. In particular, for having
discovered the mass synthesis of carbon nanotubes and the rules that govern at
the atomic level the bending and folding of graphene sheets. For sparking a new
research field called plasmonics that is revolutionizing what can be done with
light, in particular in the field of optoelectronics, fast computing, light focusing,
medical diagnostics and drug delivery. Thomas W. Ebbesen discovered that almost
all the incident radiation can be transmitted very efficiently through holes,
smaller than the wavelength, properly patterned in a thin sheet of metal. 
